Colonoscopy is an examination that enables a careful evaluation of the lining of the colon (large intestine) to find out if there are any abnormalities. This examination permits a direct visualization of the inside of colon, which is not possible using other tests used to evaluate the colon. It is performed by inserting a colonoscope which is an instrument made with a flexible tube with a camera at the end. During colonoscopy, this instrument is inserted into the anus and slowly advanced inside the colon, looking for any abnormality. If necessary, it is possible to take a small sample of an abnormal tissue or remove a small growth known as colon polyp during colonoscopy.
Colon cancer is the second most common cancer in the U.S., and a leading cause of death related to cancer. In fact, there are nearly 150,000 new cases of colon and rectal cancers diagnosed each year, just in the U.S. In fact, there are twice as many individuals dying from colon cancer compared with motor vehicle accidents!
Colonoscopy is a test commonly utilized as a diagnostic tool in colon cancer screening. In fact, studies have shown that timely screening with colonoscopy can reduce the death rate from colon cancer by 90%. Unfortunately, about 6 million individuals requiring this life-saving test fail to undergo this examination in the U.S., in part, due to the difficult bowel prep process that Colonoscopy Helper app is designed to facilitate. In addition to colon cancer screening, colonoscopy is also used to evaluate gastrointestinal bleeding (GI bleeding), irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) such as ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease.